Warning: This resource may contain references to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people who may have passed away.

Armistice

[Episode 10 | 1918 : Bertie]

Eddie speaks with Bertie about how lucky he is to survive the war with only a leg missing. Sid arrives to tell of the Armistice that signals the end of the war. The community celebrates the end of war with music, dancing and games, but not everyone can be happy at this time.


History

The Australian curriculum: History

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The Australian Curriculum: History aims to ensure that students develop: 

  • interest in, and enjoyment of, historical study for lifelong learning and work, including their capacity and willingness to be informed and active citizens 
  • knowledge, understanding and appreciation of the past and the forces that shape societies, including Australian society 
  • understanding and use of historical concepts, such as evidence, continuity and change, cause and effect, perspectives, empathy, significance and contestability 
  • capacity to undertake historical inquiry, including skills in the analysis and use of sources, and in explanation and communication.

History activities [3]

Activity 1: Armistice day
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Subtheme(s): Australians at war; Historical events

The end of the First World War brought much joy and sorrow to many Australian families. Few were untouched by the war and many had experienced the loss of a loved one, or the homecoming of returned servicemen or servicewomen with serious injuries. In this episode Bertie feels the bitterness of the loss of his father and his neighbour Freddie, and happiness at the return of his injured brother.

Discover
  • Find out more about the First World War Armistice Day by visiting the following web sites:
  1. Australian War Memorial, http://www.awm.gov.au
  2. Biography of Sir John Monash (1865–1931), http://adbonline.anu.edu.au/biogs/A100533b.htm
  3. Screen Australia Digital Learning, http://dl.screenaustralia.gov.au/module/1576 Download the clip titled 'Monash – The Forgotten Anzac', for students to watch. Students should take notes on dates and facts.
  4. Screen Australia, http://www.filmaust.com.au/monash (This is aimed at secondary and tertiary users.)

Reflect
  • Students construct an oral First World War timeline spanning the era from the beginning of the war through to Armistice Day. Students research one of the following topics in small groups:
  1. Find a story about what happened on Armistice Day.
  2. Who was involved in making Armistice a reality? Where and when did this happen?
  3. How was the news of the Armistice made known in Australia?
  4. What did the Australian population do to celebrate Armistice?
  • Information gathered should be presented as fact sheets with point-form information and pictures. Information should be read out by each group in chronological order and recorded. The result will be an oral factual timeline.

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Activity 2: Anzac Day
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Subtheme(s): Australians at war; Celebrations; Historical events

'It's a long way to Tipperary' was a famous celebratory song from the First World War and is the background audio for this episode. This song was one of many propaganda and sentimental songs used to encourage soldiers to do their duty, remember home and families and commemorate achievements. Anzac Day became a special event for commemorating the campaigns of not only the First World War, but for all wars Australians have been involved in.

Discover
  • Find out more about Anzac Day and how it has shaped the Australian nation.
  1. What do the letters 'A', 'N', 'Z', 'A' and 'C' stand for?
  2. What is the importance of the Gallipoli campaign?
  3. What is the symbol of Anzac Day?
  4. When does Anzac Day occur?
  5. What happens on Anzac Day?
  6. Why is Anzac Day so important for Australians?
  • Use the following websites as a guide to class discussions:
  1. Australian War Museum, http://www.awm.gov.au
  2. ANZAC DAY, http://www.anzacday.org.au

Reflect
  • Students create a commemorative booklet about the Anzac campaign. The booklet should include the following:
  1. introduction, including brief historical facts, timeline, and diagrams of the campaign
  2. images and annotations
  3. statistics about injuries and the loss of life
  4. how the event is commemorated in Anzac Day marches and celebrations
  5. symbols of the campaign
  6. personal story or recount about a family member who was involved, or the retelling of a researched soldier's bravery
  7. personal response to the importance of remembering the Anzacs.
  • Each pair of students could prepare a booklet as a school resource to celebrate Anzac Day. The booklet could be published or be in digital form.

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Activity 3: Tipperary
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Subtheme(s): Art, music and literature; Australians at war; Celebrations
Discover
  • Investigate the music of the 1920s. Jazz, ragtime and Broadway musicals were popular genres of this era. The First World War stimulated the entertainment industry to produce music that celebrated success and freedom. In post-war Australia the influence of music and dance from the USA and Britain was evident and new styles captured the imagination of the young returned servicemen and servicewomen.

Reflect
  • Research and explore music websites showcasing music of the early 1920s. Discuss why jazz and ragtime music became so popular and why music became important in the recovery after the First World War. Look at the dance styles of the era and describe how they had changed from the pre-war era. Information can be found at these sites:
  1. 1920's Music, http://www.1920-30.com/music
  2. Australian Government Culture Portal: Australian dance, http://www.cultureandrecreation.gov.au/articles/dance
  3. OzJazz 50, http://users.tpg.com.au/sykespj/ozjazz/ozjazz_history.html
  • Students could research the history of one or all of these topics: popular musicians and bands; popular musicians; the impact of radio on the music industry.
  1. How did people in 1920s listen to music?
  2. What type of machine was used to listen to music?
  3. How did people buy music?
  4. Where did people listen to music?

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