Australia in the 1900s


In 1901, a Royal Commission on Technical Education (the 'Fink Report') in Victoria recommended a new type of secondary technical school. A new syllabus (curriculum) was introduced in 1902, with greater emphasis on science, 'aesthetics and social living'.

In 1905, Victoria's first public secondary school, the 'Continuation School', was established in Melbourne. However, it was not until 1918 that the state secondary school system was fully established for all students.

Pyrmont Public School, c. 1900


A snapshot of 1908

  • March
    • Mawson and David scale Mount Erebus in Antarctica.

  • May
    • The first official Australian Coat of Arms is granted.
    • Alfred Deakin's government is defeated and Andrew Fisher becomes prime minister.

  • July
    • The Invalid and Old Age Pensions Act 1908 (Cth) is passed

  • August
    • The Great White Fleet sent by President Roosevelt arrives in Australia at Alfred Deakin's request.

  • September
    • 'My Country', Dorothy Mackellar's poem, is published in London's Spectator.

  • October
    • Canberra is selected for the site of a national capital city.


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