Australia in the 1900s


In February 1907, a group of surfers formed the Bondi Surf Bathers' Lifesaving Club, making it the first lifesaving club in the world. One of the first people rescued was the future famous pilot and aviator, Charles Kingsford Smith.

In March 1907, the surf-lifesaving reel was devised and first used. Soon after the lifesavers' club was founded, the law was changed so surf bathing in the daytime was allowed in Sydney. Until this time it was illegal to surf between 6 am and 8 pm.


A snapshot of 1908

  • March
    • Mawson and David scale Mount Erebus in Antarctica.

  • May
    • The first official Australian Coat of Arms is granted.
    • Alfred Deakin's government is defeated and Andrew Fisher becomes prime minister.

  • July
    • The Invalid and Old Age Pensions Act 1908 (Cth) is passed

  • August
    • The Great White Fleet sent by President Roosevelt arrives in Australia at Alfred Deakin's request.

  • September
    • 'My Country', Dorothy Mackellar's poem, is published in London's Spectator.

  • October
    • Canberra is selected for the site of a national capital city.


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