Australia in the 1900s


In 1901, My Brilliant Career by Miles Franklin was published.

In 1902, after years spent singing in the great Opera Houses of Europe and acclaimed by both press and the public Dame Nellie Melba made a triumphant homecoming tour, with concerts throughout the country. Everywhere she went, Melba was greeted enthusiastically by crowds of people

In 1903, Such is Life: Being extracts from the Diary of Tom Collins by Joseph Furphy was published.

In 1906, AB Paterson wrote and published his novel, An Outback Marriage.

In 1908, Henry Handel Richardson's first novel Maurice Guest was published. The children's book We of the Never Never by Mrs Aeneas Gunn was published the same year. We of the Never Never is a personal account of life on a cattle station in a remote part of Northern Territory between 1902 and 1904.

In 1908, Dorothea Mackellar's poem 'My Country' was published in London. The poem was written on a NSW property just as a severe drought was breaking. The poem represents a growing national pride for native-born Australians.

A snapshot of 1908

  • March
    • Mawson and David scale Mount Erebus in Antarctica.

  • May
    • The first official Australian Coat of Arms is granted.
    • Alfred Deakin's government is defeated and Andrew Fisher becomes prime minister.

  • July
    • The Invalid and Old Age Pensions Act 1908 (Cth) is passed

  • August
    • The Great White Fleet sent by President Roosevelt arrives in Australia at Alfred Deakin's request.

  • September
    • 'My Country', Dorothy Mackellar's poem, is published in London's Spectator.

  • October
    • Canberra is selected for the site of a national capital city.


{tpl region name=footerbottom}