[Episode 20 | 1818 : Charles]

Unlike his posh older brother John, Charles is enjoying building a fence on the farm. At the end of the fence line he encounters Liam, a convict who is on the run. Liam asks Charles to bring him some food and boots.


The Australian curriculum: History

Show curriculum details

The Australian Curriculum: History aims to ensure that students develop: 

  • interest in, and enjoyment of, historical study for lifelong learning and work, including their capacity and willingness to be informed and active citizens 
  • knowledge, understanding and appreciation of the past and the forces that shape societies, including Australian society 
  • understanding and use of historical concepts, such as evidence, continuity and change, cause and effect, perspectives, empathy, significance and contestability 
  • capacity to undertake historical inquiry, including skills in the analysis and use of sources, and in explanation and communication.

History activities [1]

Activity 1: Schooling in the colony
Show details
Subtheme(s): Historical events; Social order and education

In this clip, Charles and his brother John help out on the farm before they are sent back to England to go to school. In Britain at this time, universal education was not the responsibility of the government. The early Australian governors, however, considered the education of young children an important step towards the success of the colony. They believed that schooling would teach the children of emancipated convicts to respect the law and become useful members of society. Governor Macquarie established the first public charity school in Sydney, attended by children of the poorer settlers. By 1821, with Macquarie's support, 15 public charity schools had been established in Sydney and outlying areas such as Parramatta, Liverpool, Windsor, Wilberforce and Richmond.

  • Ask students to research information about the schools established by Governor Macquarie during his governorship. Students could find information in the school or local library, or online. As a starting point, refer to the websites below:
  1. New South Wales Department of Education and Training, 'Macquarie 2010', Life and Times - Schooling, http://lrrpublic.cli.det.nsw.edu.au/lrrSecure/Sites/Web/macquarie2010/macquarie2010/lo/life_and_times/index.htm?Signature=%2875c61db9-6cf0-4052-ae82-19e512827c1d%29
  2. State Library of New South Wales, 'The Governor: Lachlan Macquarie 1810 to 1821', Education and Welfare, www.sl.nsw.gov.au/events/exhibitions/2010/governor/education/
  • Ask students to develop a profile of Governor Macquarie's achievements and vision for the colony. They could present the profile as a Facebook page, a promotional pamphlet for Macquarie in a state election or a report for the local newspaper.

  • Ask students to investigate the history of their own school. Their investigation should include drawing a map of their school in its earliest incarnation and a map of the school in the present. 
  • Students could construct a historical tour of the school. In small groups they could design a map and/or tour that include notes on historical features such as foundations, plaques on buildings, memorial gardens and the remains of earlier structures on their maps. Where available, mark the construction dates of buildings on the map. 
  • Students could find old photos and maps of the school for this historical tour in their local or school library. They should also draw a timeline of the development of the school, recording when the school was founded and when important buildings were constructed.
  • Students with access to Kahootz 3 software could design an animated virtual tour of the school, which could be uploaded to the school website. Kahootz has capacity to import sound and this tour could be narrated.


Student Activity Sheet H 20.2: Schooling in the colony

{tpl region name=footerbottom}