For Australia, the First World War remains the most costly conflict in terms of casualties and deaths. In 1914 the population of Australia was much smaller than that of Great Britain or European countries such as France and Germany. Of the 416,809 men who enlisted to fight 60,000 were killed and 156,000 were wounded, gassed, or taken prisoner. Discuss these statistics with students and discover more about Australia's commitment to the war effort by visiting the Australian War Memorial, http://www.awm.gov.au
- The impact and legacy of the First World War (1914–18): facts check. Students can work in pairs or small groups to find out more about why Australians fought in the war and the extent of their participation. They will need to research and note down at least ten related statistics and represent these facts visually in a chart or graph. The charts and graphs could include statistics on the following:
- the countries who were the 'allies' and those who were the 'enemy'
- ages of Australian servicemen sent to war
- number and percentage of 'conscripted' compared to 'enlisted' servicemen
- servicemen who returned as amputees compared to those with other injuries
- number and percentage of Australian combat deaths compared to other countries involved in the conflict
- number of medals awarded to soldiers for bravery, and the different types of medals given
- names and accomplishments of First World War Victoria Cross recipients
- number of women who served as nurses or in other roles
- approximate number of Indigenous servicemen.
- Students choose one statistic they have collected from researching the items above and convert it into a separate graph or chart. Each student in the class should have a different item. These charts are then bound together to make a statistical record book of Australia during the First World War.